2 Sales of Services or Goods EndingInventoryBudget Work in Processand FinishedGoodsProductionBudgetEndingInventoryBudget Direct MaterialsDirectMaterialsBudgetDirectLabor BudgetOverheadBudgetSelling andAdministrativeBudgetCash BudgetThe master budget comprises many separate budgets, or schedules, that are interdependent. Based on the sales budget, a company develops a set of operational budgets that specify how its operations will be carried out to meet the demand for its goods or services. A manufacturing company develops a production budget, which shows the number of product units to be manufactured and ending inventory budgets. From the production budget, a manufacturer develops budgets for the direct materials, direct labor, and overhead that will be required in the production process. A budget for selling and administrative expenses also is prepared. The operational portion of the master budget is similar in a merchandising firm, but instead of a production budget for goods, a merchandiser develops a budget for merchandise purchases. A merchandising firm will not have a budget for direct materials. Based on the sales budget for its services, a service industry firm develops a set of budgets that show how the demand for those services will be met. Every business prepares a cash budget. This budget shows expected cash receipts, as a result of selling goods or services, and planned cash disbursements, to pay the bills incurred by the firm. The final portion of the master budget includes a budgeted income statement, a budgeted balance sheet, and a budgeted statement of cash flows. (LO2)Budgeted Income StatementBudgeted Balance SheetBudgeted Statement of Cash Flows
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