Adam Smith Adam Smith concept of specialization of labor the production process is broken the production process is broken down into discrete stages allowing down into discrete stages allowing specially-designed machines or specially-designed machines or narrowly-trained workers to perform narrowly-trained workers to perform each step with the least material each step with the least material waste and the maximum productivity. waste and the maximum productivity.
Frederick W. Taylor The Principles of Scientific Management The Principles of Scientific Management One best way increasing the efficiency of factory workers.
operations research a mathematics discipline mathematical models Their goal: to find an optimized approach
W. Edward Deming and J.M. Juran stressed that.. Everyone is responsible for quality… not just inspectors. Product should be made right the first time to avoid rework. Reliance on workers to make suggestions…not “experts”. Elimination of any activity or material that does not add value to the product. 1950s TQC
Utilization of the computer. Applications include machine movement control, equipment & material monitoring, and the continuous adjustment of settings and flow rates. Computer CIM MRP