10 วิวัฒนาการของการบริหารการผลิต Adam smithScientific managementHuman relationOperation ResearchTQCCAD CAMModernวิวัฒนาการของการบริหารการผลิต
11 Historical Development of OM 1-11Historical Development of OM14
12 1776 Adam Smith concept of specialization of labor the production process is brokendown into discrete stages allowingspecially-designed machines ornarrowly-trained workers to performeach step with the least materialwaste and the maximum productivity.
13 The Principles of Scientific Management increasing the efficiency of 1900Frederick W. TaylorThe Principles of Scientific ManagementOne best wayincreasing the efficiency offactory workers.
14 a mathematics discipline Their goal: to find an optimized approach 1940operations researcha mathematics disciplinemathematical modelsTheir goal: to find an optimized approach
15 W. Edward Deming and J.M. Juran stressed that.. TQC1980s1950sW. Edward Deming and J.M. Juran stressed that..Everyone is responsible for quality… not just inspectors.Product should be made right the first time to avoid rework.Reliance on workers to make suggestions…not “experts”.Elimination of any activity or material that does not addvalue to the product.
16 Utilization of the computer. adjustment of settings CIM MRPUtilization of the computer.Applications includemachine movementcontrol, equipment &material monitoring,and the continuousadjustment of settingsand flow rates.
17 Early 21st Century Lean Flexible manufacturing Six sigma Agility manufacturingSupply chain management
18 Global Focus Just-in-Time Shipments Supply Chain Partners MassCustomizationGlobal FocusJust-in-TimeShipmentsFUTURESupply ChainPartnersEmpoweredEmployees,Teams, and LeanProductionRapid ProductDevelopment