Mahidol Wittayanusorn School4 John Napier (1671) ที่มา :
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School5 Wilhelm Schickhard (1623) the machine for calculating astronomical tables. The machine could add and subtract six-digit numbers, and indicated an overflow of this capacity by ringing a bell. not programmable Astronomer & mathematician The Calculating Clock : the first gear-driven calculating machine ที่มา :
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School6 Blaise Pascal (1642) The second mechanical calculator “Pascaline” A decimal machine Mathematician & Physicist Pascaline
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School10 Joseph Marie Jacquard (1801) ชาวฝรั่งเศส พัฒนาเครื่องทอผ้าโดยใช้บัตรเจาะรูในการบันทึก คำสั่ง ควบคุมเครื่องทอผ้าให้ทำตามแบบที่กำหนดไว้ ถือว่าเป็นเครื่องจักรที่ใช้ชุดคำสั่ง (Program) สั่ง ทำงานเป็นเครื่องแรก
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School11 Jacquard's Loom
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School12 Charles Babbage (1822) Father of modern computer who originated the idea of a programmable computer Punch cards wanted more accuracy in calculations Mathematician, philosopher, mechanical engineer, computer scientist
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School13 Charles Babbage (1822) Mathematician, philosopher, mechanical engineer, computer scientist The London Science Museum's replica difference engine, built from Babbage's design.Science Museumreplica The design has the same precision on all columns, but when calculating converging polynomials, the precision on the higher- order columns could be lower. converging
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School16 Herman Hollerith (1889) Statistician developed a mechanical tabulator based on punched cards to rapidly tabulate statistics from millions of pieces of data. tabulatorpunched cards พัฒนาเครื่อง Tabulating Machines ขึ้น
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School17 Konrad Zuse (1938) Built first working mechanical computer, the Z1 Engineer & Computer pioneer Konrad Zuse in 1992 Built first working mechanical computer, the Z1 Binary machine German government decided not to pursue development -- W.W.II already started
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School18 ENIAC (1943) Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer Designed by Mauchly and Echert of the University of Pennsylvania The first electronic computer BIG! 18,000 tubes 70,000 resistors 10,000 capacitors 6,000 switches 30 x 50 feet 30 tons 140 kW of power Decimal number system used Programmed by manually setting switches 5,000 additions per second
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School19 ENIAC (1943) Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer Detail of the back of a section of ENIAC, showing vacuum tubes.
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School20 Views of ENIAC: the "Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator"
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Mahidol Wittayanusorn School23 Took idea of ENIAC and developed concept of storing a program in the memory (EDVAC) This architecture came to be known as the “Von Neumann” architecture John Von Neumann & Goldstine John Von Neumann ( )
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School24 ILLIAC II built at the University of Illinois
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School25 HAL from the movie "2001: A Space Odyssey". Look at the previous picture to understand why the movie makers in 1968 assumed computers of the future would be things you walk into.
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School26 Generations of Electronic Devices Vacuum tube Transistor Small scale integration on Up to 100 devices on a chip Medium scale integration - to ,000 devices on a chip Large scale integration , ,000 devices on a chip Very large scale integration to date 100, ,000,000 devices on a chip Ultra large scale integration Over 100,000,000 devices on a chip
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School32 The first microprocessor chip, the Intel 4004, containing 2250 transistors on a single chip.
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School33 This is a picture of a complete general purpose computer, here about twice actual size, from the cover of Scientific American (May 1975). The computer was made by Teledyne Systems Company from chips manufactured by National Semiconductor Corporation. The two largest chips, in the center, were integrated circuits containing what at the time was the remarkable capacity of six thousand transistors each. These two chips controlled the four slightly smaller chips devoted to arithmetic and logic circuits, and the numerous other chips.
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School34 The Apple prototype (1976) —using a Mostek 6502 microprocessor, four kilobytes of memory, and a cassette recorder for storage of programs and data—can now be viewed in the Smithsonian Institution.
Mahidol Wittayanusorn School35 The first commercial Apple computer, with its own keyboard, monitor, disk drives and power supply.