4Environmental Fragility Adventure Tourism commonly occurs in or near natural environments, social environments with distinct culture, and/or sites inhabiting historical artifacts. As such, adventure tourism destinations are often fragile and in need of protection from overcrowding
6Carrying CapacityTourism capacity and planning has always been crucial for sustainable tourism markets. Officials and stakeholders must strategically address the impacts of adventure tourism— additional consumption, traffic and waste caused by non-residents, potential deterioration of natural and historical sites, cultural impacts, and pressures for host destinations to develop infrastructure for the benefit of tourists rather than local needs
7risk concerning climate change Adventure tour operators, with products and services that depend on healthy natural environmentstourism potentially exacerbates the effects of climate change already occurring from othercauses. UNWTO research shows that tourism accounts for an estimated 5% of global CO2 emissions. Air transport accounts for 40% of all tourism emissions, car for 32% and accommodation for 21%.
9risk concerning climate change risk is that faced by destinations as traditional sites experience changes that make them less attractive or accessible to tourists. For example, there is a concern that loss of snow coverage on summits such as Mount Everest and Mount Kilimanjaro could make climbing tourism less attractive if travelers feel that the experience is no longer as special or unique.
12Ten Pillars of Adventure Tourism Competitiveness 1. Sustainable Development PolicyGovernment policy to support and foster sustainable and rural tourism developmentBecause they safeguard the destination’s natural, heritage, and cultural resources
132. Safety and Security How safe of that country Corruption Perceptions IndexCountries with high levels of transparency and low or no travel warnings issued are safer for travelers
143.Health The level of healthcare available A healthy local people to foster nature and its resources responsiblyHealthcare is readily available are able to support adventure travelers
154.Nature ResourcesAdventure travelers want untrammeled and well-managed natural resources.Destination with unusual or rare natural resources will earn high praise from adventure travelers
165.Cultural ResourcesAdventurer travelers are as keen to learn about new cultures as they are to explore nature.Encourage local people to preserve their cultureto acknowledge and honor their customsIndexUNESCO World Heritage SiteProtected Area as a % of total land
176.Adventure Activity Resources CyclingClimbing (cliff, ice, rock)HikingRaftingParaglidingOutdoor and nature-based activitiesAbility to support adventure sportIndicatorsProtected SpeciesForest , Grasslands, Drylands
207.EntrepreneurshipLook for and acknowledge destinations in which entrepreneurship in the business is thrivingBusiness freedomMonetary freedomInvestment freedomLabor freedom
218.HumanitarianAdventure travelers frequently seek out opportunities to volunteer in the destinations they visit.Looking for NGO and aid organization partners through which they can offer their visitors a short-term opportunity to contribute to relevant causes and also have a chance to see real people and situationsindicatorsNGO DensityHPI (Happy Planet Index) ความอยู่ดีมีสุข (Human Well- Being) และผลกระทบ ทางด้านสิ่งแวดล้อม (Environmental Impact)
229.Tourism Infrastructure Hard InfrastructureRoads, airports, lodging facilities, trailsSoft InfrastructureTrail maps, accessible information on heritage and cultureGround operators and outfitters
2310.ImageA country’s image for sustainability and adventure opportunity will attract travelers who value these aspects.