บริบท (contexts) Global Village Change of situation Education is closely link to Economics 19 th Century: Victorian 20 th Century: Industrial Economy 21 st Century: Knowledge Economy
ความแตกต่างของการเรียนการสอน ใน 19 th C และ 20 th C องค์ความรู้เรื่อง : ความรู้ และการเรียนรู้ ผู้สอน ผู้เรียน ลำดับของการเรียนรู้ ผลสัมฤทธ์ของการเรียน
19 th -20 th Century Knowledge is compartmentalized Goal of learning is to learn the compartmentalized knowledge 90 % are out of date
Patrick Newell: Learning Activist & Founder of TIS
Patrick Newell We have to solve problems beyond our current understandings using skills set that are yet to be defined, with tools that are yet to be created. How do you prepare a child for that? We have to solve problems beyond our current understandings using skills set that are yet to be defined, with tools that are yet to be created. How do you prepare a child for that?
Patrick Newell While collaborating with researchers around the world, I found that the teaching methods that are being used were based on education models that are out of date. While collaborating with researchers around the world, I found that the teaching methods that are being used were based on education models that are out of date.
Patrick Newell One of the dilemma with the 20 th Century education is children are taught what to learn not how to learn and they are slowly educated out of their nape curiosity and creativity.
David Perkins Harvard Professor of Education “I think we need to think in terms of educating through the unknown for what might come up for ways of thinking about it for a large understanding that can help us cope the unexpected as well as the expected. To me that means 90% of what we teach is a waste of time”
David Perkins Harvard Professor of Education “90% of what we teach probably contributes particular skills and particular nuggets of knowledge that those kids will never encounter again in the significant way in their lives. It just doesn’t matter. Well, that is completely bizarre.”
Kirpal Singh Singapore Management University “ We all are educating people either for yesterday, 80% of us, another 15%-16% are educating people for today but very few of us are looking at tomorrow. Because looking at tomorrow means you need to be creative. You have to use your imagination. You need to be able to take risks and say I think tomorrow is going to be like this.”
Myth No.2 Teachers as superpowers, gurus and sages, rowboats
What are the 21 st C attributes? Literacy: Reading, writing, arithmetic Global Literacy: environmental, financial, civic and other global literacy
What are the 21 st C attributes? Personal Skills Active, engage, empowered Inquiry skills ask questions, wonder, plan and reflect. Thinking skills creatively, critically, and collaboratively.
What are the 21 st C attributes? Autonomous learning skills Self-modify, self-managing, self- evaluating, self-directed. Skills to master the changing technology
What are the 21 st C attributes? Teachers and parents hold back from tests make judgments on skills of self- management. need to create learning environment which nurtures creativity and inspire confidence.
Dr. Sugata Mitra's Hole in the wall project On English Language Skills
Sugata Mitra University of New South Wales UK & MIT Questions turn on the minds of the 9 year olds.
The internet is full of answers but not full of questions. Sugata Mitra University of New South Wales UK & MIT
“Who knows what we need to learn in the future but we do know that we need to be able to read, we need to be good at searching for information, collating it and then decide it whether its right or wrong. Then find the big answers. When they find the big answers, they believe in themselves and believe the world around them.”
Thailand? Where are we? English is studied as a foreign language Ranked 8 th in English scores Our students don’t read!!!! Our students don’t practice!!!!
Problems with curriculum & attitude Curriculum problems Chunked based Skills based Grammar Attitude คนไทยผิดน่าอาย ฝรั่งผิดน่ารัก มาก คนไทยผิดน่าอาย ฝรั่งผิดน่ารัก มาก
Problems with teaching methods teaching methods used Teacher centred Mistakes Old: grammar translation Misunderstood: communicative, learner centre
Problems with policy นำ CEFR มาใช้ กรอบมาตรฐานความสามารถทาง ภาษาอังกฤษที่เป็นสากล คือ Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) มีแนวโน้มว่าจะจัดการเรียนการสอนให้ อิง CEFR CEFR ก็แบ่งออกเป็น 3 กลุ่มหลัก ( A B C ) 6 ระดับ
How to improve our English Skill sets Listening and Speaking Reading and Writing Integrated improvement Interests and love
Improving listening and speaking skills Start from your best interest Read a lot for vocabulary Find someone with the same interest and start talking Start reading and writing about it, discussion Speak and listen to the experts
Improving reading and writing skills Start reading NOW Children books Leveled books Novels Interested stories
Grammar Grammar and people’s thoughts English past and present American Indian past and present
Dictionaries General Thai-English Thesaurus Etymology
Improving yourself attempt and perseverance Set aside time daily or weekly Skills needs practice to become automatic. After Reading, listening, speaking, then writing.