5 ReferenceHarvard, L. (2007). How to conduct an effective and valid literature search. Nursing Times; 103: 45,Extend version available at
6 1. Creating a well focus question Clear idea of what you are researching will keep you on track with your search “appropriate keywords and limitations for your topic”
7 When forming your question, Make sure you are specific about your research topic. Things to consider are:The type of patient or population interest;The condition or situation you are researching;The type of intervention or nursing procedure you are investigate.
8 Things to consider to determine limitations to your search How many years you want to go back in the literature-> more manageable or clinically up to date for key information;Language : English or Thai;Geographical specify: UK, EU or international literature
9 2. Sources of information Book can be a good start on a topic, giving you a specific information. Generally, up to date means published within the last five year especially for treatments or drug. You can find books in healthcare library.Journals are one of the best sources of information for current and specific. Additionally, most of the important and ground-breaking research is published in journals. Journal are best found using citation database.
10 You need to be aware of the differences of many type of articles Research articles, including systematic reviews, are the best source of evidence;Review articles give a summary of research or letters to the editor or editorials;Case studies are a type of research that focuses on one person or situation, as opposed to a group of studies.“It is important to look for research in peer-reviewed journals.” This ensures that the articles have had some quality control.
11 2. Sources of information (continued) Internet sources are an invaluable source of evidence.A lot of research and statistics are published on the internet, especially those sponsored by government policy, academic and non-for-profit agencies.Useful information, such as clinical guidance and government policy, is available in full or free to download.Be extra careful in evaluating sites. There are good web portals.
29 3. Creating a search strategy What database: Science direct, CINAHL, Mosby’s Nursing consultKey words and phrases – it is best to think around a topic as much as possible to identify useful terms.Truncate (*) finding the base of a words that begin with that base. Nurs* = nursing, nurses, nursing, nursery.Putting terms together “AND, OR, NOT” handwash* NOT alcohol gel
30 Key pointsA well-designed literature search will include a research question that will provide keywords and phrases to begin creating a search strategy;Your search strategy will include keywords and synonyms, along with any truncation. You will also apply limits to your search, such as language or publication years.There are many resources that you can use to search for information, including print or electronic resources. All literature that you relevance to your search.Librarians at local public, academic and health libraries can be valuable source of information and support during your literature search. They can advise you on resources to search and which databases, journals and books you have access to.
31 ต้องการเขียนเรื่อง “การดูแลผู้ป่วยที่ได้รับ chemotherapy ที่บ้าน” เข้าไปที่ CINAHL1. พิมพ์ ‘cancer’ -55,055 hits – มากเกินไป อ่านไม่ไหว2. พิมพ์‘discharge’ - 15,896 hits;3. Combine ‘cancer and discharge’ combined, still too many to scan;4. Type in ‘district nurse’ hits;
32 5. รวม “cancer and discharge” กับ “district nurse” limit เฉพาะภาษาอังกฤษ, limit Two articles which are:Luker, K.A. et al (2003) The role of district nursing: perspectives of cancer patients and their careers before and after hospital discharge.[Journal Article, Research, Tables/Charts]European Journal of Cancer Care; 12: 4, (38 ref)Wilson, K. et al (2002) Patient and cancer needs following a cancer-related hospital admission: the importance of referral to the district nursing service.[Journal Article, Forms, Research]Journal of Advanced Nursing; 38: 3, (31 ref).
33 6. You can scan the abstract briefly and then save the search or it to yourself to find the articles again.7. You could also download the article in PDF format if the full text is available. This enables you to read it again as it was originally shown on the screen.Fitzpatrick, J., (2007). Finding the research for evidence-based practice - PART ONE - The development of EBP. Nursing times vol 103 (17) pp 32-33
47 Plagiarism Version ฝรั่ง turning in someone else’s work as your owncopying words or ideas from someone else without giving creditfailing to put a quotation in quotation marksgiving incorrect information about the source of a quotationchanging words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving creditcopying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or not (see our section on “fair use” rules)
53 “It is not the strongest of the species that survive, nor the most intelligent, the one most responsive to change”Charles Darwin
54 “ To think is easy. To act is hard “ To think is easy. To act is hard. But the hardest thing in the world is to act in accordance with your think.”Johann Wolfgang von Boethe(cited in Melnyk and Fineout-Overholt, 2005: 235)