Source: Report of the National Health Act 2551-2552 Thailand by physical examination, Health Systems Research Institute.
Cause of depression are the changing of biochemical in the brain including : Serotonin, Nor-epinephrine and dopamine But found that Social and Psychological factors encourage the change of the biochemical
The main objective To study the effects of social support on depression in the elderly who regularly participated in the Elderly’s club of Wang Nam Khu subdistrict, Phitsanulok. Secondary objectives To study depression and social support of the elderly who regularly participated in the Elderly’s club of Wang Nam Khu subdistrict, Phitsanulok. To study other factors, including gender, age, marital status, occupancy and education on depression in the elderly who regularly participated in the Elderly’s club of Wang Nam Khu subdistrict, Phitsanulok.
Type of research Survey research Method Cross-sectional analysis design Data source Data from the questionnaire’s answer of the elderly (age> 60 years) who lives in Wang Nam Khu subdistrict
Divided into 3 parts Part 1 Basic demographic data of the sample by variables studied were sex, age, marital status, occupancy and education. Part 2 The measure of depression in the elderly (Thai geriatric depressive scale: TGDS), a temple built by a group of brain rehabilitation of Thailand. Reliability form alpha (Alpha - Coefficent) was 0.86. Part 3 The measure of social support that has been adapted to suit the elderly in Thailand from The measurement of social support (Social support instrument) (Supalak Keawkum, 2543), the reliability was 0.93.
All members of the elderly’s club, Wang Nam Khu subdistrict 588 people Meet the inclusion criteria 126 people Completed the questionnaire 80 people Inclusion criteria 1. The elderly aged 60 years and over who live in the Wang Nam Khu subdistrict. 2. Participate in the elderly’s club more than six months and joined the activities more than 75 percent of all. 3. Never been treated with psychiatric disorder and never used psychiatric drugs. Data can not be collected 1. do not exist during the time 34 people 2. Not willing to join in 11 people 3. Can not give the data (deaf, mute) 1 person
Divided in to 5 parts Part 1 personal information including gender, age, marital status, occupancy, and education. Part 2 Depression in the sample Part 3 Social supports in the sample Part 4 Information of demographic characteristics with depression Part 5 Information of depression with social support
SeverityFrequencyPercent No depression (Normal)7188.75 Mild depression67.5 Moderate depression22.5 Severe depression11.25 Total80100
NumberPercent No depression 7188.75 Depression 911.25 Total 80100
should provide care for the women elderly mental health The social support should focus on giving priority to the elderly in disadvantaged groups such as the elderly who live alone, who do not receive financial help from their children. and who need to work to earn a living.
Randomized pilot study should be made to guide the modification tool and samples Before the actual data collection Should do the qualitative study and quantitative study concurrently.
The relationship between coping, social support, functional disability and depression in the elderly, Anxiety, Stress, and Coping, March 2006; 19(1): 15/31 Depression and social support between China’ rural and urban empty-nest elderly, Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 55 (2012) 564–569 Social Support, Loneliness And Depression In The Elderly, Queen’s University Kingston, Ontario, Canada (September, 2010) Impairment, disability, social support and depression among older parents in rural Thailand, Psychological Medicine (2010), 40, 1711–1721. Rural population ageing and farm structure in Thailand, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, September 2005 Research report: Gender and Ageing in Thailand: A Situation Analysis of Older Women and Men, Population Studies Center Report 08-664, December 2008
Impact of demographic change in Thailand, UNFPA : 2011 Prevalence of major depressive disorder and minor depressive disorder in an elderly Korean population: Results from the Korean Longitudinal Study on Health and Aging (KLoSHA) : 2010 Effects of Social Support from Various Sources on Depression in Elderly Persons, Alfred Dean, Bohdan Kolody and Patricia WoodReviewed, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Vol. 31, No. 2 (Jun., 1990), p. 148-161 Association between social support and depression status in the elderly: Results of a 1-year community-based prospective cohort study in Japan, Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences (2005), 59, 563– 569 Social support deficits, loneliness and life events as risk factors for depression in old age. The Gospel Oak Project VI, Psychological Medicine, 1997, 27, 323-332. Cambridge University