3 The Timeline of Work Attitude 1990sEmpowerment, Building the Team, and Reengineering begin the decade. Downsizing at the end of the decade completes the near total loss of loyalty as an organizational value.BEN FRANKLINAdvocates work as a virtue ; not a means to amass wealth but as a contribution of self. America is the land of opportunity. Work becomes the key to wealth.2000sBecause we spend more time at work than at any other activity, we begin to question whether we live to work or work to live. The beginning of Work lifeBalance.UNIONSUnions help workers defend their ability to earn a livelihood against managers and owners who see employees as objects.CALVIN & LUTHERWork as a commandment and moral obligation. The evolution of the Protestant Work Ethic.THE TRADESWorking with your hands as a skilled artisan is highly prized. Payment provided for work. With the onset of the Renaissance, work and art are merged.1950sThe beginning of understanding of the culture of work in term of Theory X and Theory Y. Loyalty to the organization becomes the expected norm.EARLY GREEKSFocus not on work but on personal development. Work was completed by those enslaved. The emergence of the concept of liberal arts and the pursuit of knowledge.1970sDemocracy comes to the workplaces. Sexes and races begin to assume more equal roles in all aspects of work environments.1980sGurus abound. How to make work meaningful. TQM becomes the newest program of the corporate culture.CRAFTSMEN VS PROFESSIONALSSeparation between people who work with their hands and professionals who work with their heads. The bias is that working with your head is a more esteemed vocation.INDUSTRIAL AGEThe birth of Scientific Management Theory
28 4 Manager’s Model Type Result Method/Process Comment A OK Complete Very HappyBIncompleteGod BlessesCNo GoodStill HopefulDHopeless
29 ปัญหาของการประเมินผลปฏิบัติงาน 1. Halo Effect : ลักษณะเด่น / ลักษณะด้อย2. Central Tendency : ไม่กล้าฟันธง3. High Standard / Low Standard : มาตรฐานสูง/ต่ำ เกินจริง4. Recently Error : ประเมินยกที่ 55. Similar to Me : ใช้ตนเป็นต้นแบบ6. Past Performance Error : ใช้อดีตประเมินในปัจจุบัน
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.