10 ภาคผนวก COMPARISONS BETWEEN TRADITIONAL & SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE Table 1 – Comparisons between traditional and scientific knowledge stylesIndigenous Knowledge Scientific Knowledgeassumed to be the truth assumed to be a bestapproximationsacred and secular secular onlytogether
11 Indigenous Knowledge Scientific Knowledge Teaching through didactic Indigenous Knowledge Scientific KnowledgeTeaching through didacticstorytellinglearning by doing and learning by formal experiencing educationoral or visual writtenIntegrated, based on a analytical, based onwhole system subsets of the wholeintuitive model-or hypothesis-based
13 Indigenous Knowledge Scientific Knowledge Table 2 – Comparisons between traditional and scientific knowledge in useIndigenous Knowledge Scientific Knowledgelengthy acquisition rapid acquisitionlong-term wisdom short-term predictionpowerful prediction in powerful predictability local areas in natural principlesweak in predictive weak in local areas ofprinciples in distant areas knowledgemodels based on cycles linear modeling as firstapproximation
14 Indigenous Knowledge Scientific Knowledge Indigenous Knowledge Scientific Knowledgeexplanations based on explanations based onexamples, anecdotes, hypothesis, theories,parables lawsClassification : Classification :a mix of ecological and * based on phylogenicuse relationshipsnon-hierachical * hierarchicaldifferentiation differentiationIncludes everything * excludes thenatural and supernatural supernatural
16 Under heaven all can see beauty as beauty only because there is ugliness. Therefore having and not having arise together. Difficult and easy complement each other. Long and short contrast each other. High and low rest upon each other. Voices and sound harmonize each other. Front and back follow one another.
17 - Tao Te Ching (Feng trans.) Therefore the sage goes about doing nothing, teaching no-talking. The ten thousand things rise and fall without cease, Creating, yet not possessing, Working, yet not taking credit. Work is done, then forgotten. Therefore it lasts forever. - Tao Te Ching (Feng trans.)