ภาคผนวก COMPARISONS BETWEEN TRADITIONAL & SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE Table 1 – Comparisons between traditional and scientific knowledge styles Indigenous Knowledge Scientific Knowledge assumed to be the truth assumed to be a best approximation sacred and secular secular only together
Indigenous Knowledge Scientific Knowledge Teaching throughdidactic storytelling learning by doing and learning by formal experiencingeducation oral or visualwritten Integrated, based on a analytical, based on whole systemsubsets of the whole whole systemsubsets of the whole intuitivemodel-or hypothesis- based
Table 2 – Comparisons between traditional and scientific knowledge in use Indigenous Knowledge Scientific Knowledge lengthy acquisition rapid acquisition long-term wisdom short-term prediction powerful prediction in powerful predictability local areas in natural principles weak in predictive weak in local areas of principles in distant areas knowledge models based on cycles linear modeling as first approximation
Indigenous Knowledge Scientific Knowledge explanations based on explanations based on examples, anecdotes, hypothesis, theories, parableslaws Classification :Classification : a mix of ecological and* based on phylogenica mix of ecological and* based on phylogenic use relationships use relationships non-hierachical * hierarchicalnon-hierachical * hierarchical differentiation differentiation differentiation differentiation Includes everything * excludes theIncludes everything * excludes the natural and supernatural supernatural natural and supernatural supernatural
Post-Structuralism or Nothing
Under heaven all can see beauty as beauty only because there is ugliness. Therefore having and not having arise together. Difficult and easy complement each other. Long and short contrast each other. High and low rest upon each other. Voices and sound harmonize each other. Front and back follow one another.
Therefore the sage goes about doing nothing, teaching no-talking. The ten thousand things rise and fall without cease, Creating, yet not possessing, Working, yet not taking credit. Work is done, then forgotten. Therefore it lasts forever. - Tao Te Ching (Feng trans.) - Tao Te Ching (Feng trans.)