งานนำเสนอเรื่อง: "1 presented by Chadamas Thuvasethakul NECTEC Thailand The Use of ICT Indicators for Monitoring ICT Development: Thailand Experiences."— ใบสำเนางานนำเสนอ:
1 presented by Chadamas Thuvasethakul NECTEC Thailand The Use of ICT Indicators for Monitoring ICT Development: Thailand Experiences
2 The need to have information/indeces to monitor the progress of ICT Master Plan implementation The need to have indeces that are conformed to international standards to compare and benchmark with others (such as GCI, NRI, DAI etc.) The need to unify ICT indicators which have been scatterred so that they can be used in policy decision making on a continual basis (Prime Minister’s initiative on the Operation Center – PMOC, MOC, DOC) GCI = Global Competitiveness Index (World Economic Forum) NRI = Network Readiness Index (World Economic Forum) DAI = Digital Access Index (International Telecommunication Union) Why do we need ICT indicators?
3 What kinds of indicators are we looking for to assess the Information Society ? Internationally-harmonized Statistical / measurement tools that are –Simple to use –Broadly cover diverse environment –Sufficiently balanced (i.e., covers social/economic, supply side/demand side, etc.) –Sensitive enough to reflect differences between societies
4 UNCTAD Basic Telecommunications 2. Basic Access to the Internet 3. Human Capacity Building 4. Affordable Access Devices (PCs, PDA) 5. National ICT Policy and Plan 6. Threat of Liberalization 7. Appropriate Software (Legal, compact, low cost) 8. Local Language enabled on Computers 9. Creation of Local Contents 10. Portal Sites 11. e-Government -- Government Facilitation 12. Standards in manufacturing, safety, health 13. IT-Laws (e-Transaction, e-Signature, Computer Crime, Data Protection, anti-spam) 14. Security -- Information/System/Network 15. Authentication and Certification, PKI 16. Broadband Access (Corporate, home) 17. IT-Manpower development 18. Regional Networking Collaboration 19. Opportunities from Liberalization and Regionalization 20. e-Marketplaces 21. e-Payment infrastructure 22. Consumer Protection 23. Cross Border Certification 24. Intellectual Property rights Protection 25. Privacy Concerns of developing countries and LDC Concerns of developed countries And industrial leaders Introducing A Spectrum of 25 e-Strategies Strategy Divide between Developed and Developing Countries
5 A fully developed Information Society 0100 Source: UNCTAD E-Commerce and Development Report 2003
6 A highly developed I.S Source: UNCTAD E-Commerce and Development Report 2003
7 A developing society 0100 Source: UNCTAD E-Commerce and Development Report 2003
Analyzing WSIS Plan of Actions - Indicators
9 WSIS Plan of Actions - Indicators Top strategies in the plan Basic Access to the Internet (21) Human Capacity Building (19) IT Manpower Development (19) Security (13) Opportunities from Liberalization and Regionalization (12)
10 UNCTAD Basic Telecommunications 2. Basic Access to the Internet 3. Human Capacity Building 4. Affordable Access Devices (PCs, PDA) 5. National ICT Policy and Plan 6. Threat of Liberalization 7. Appropriate Software (Legal, compact, low cost) 8. Local Language enabled on Computers 9. Creation of Local Contents 10. Portal Sites 11. e-Government -- Government Facilitation 12. Standards in manufacturing, safety, health 13. IT-Laws (e-Transaction, e-Signature, Computer Crime, Data Protection, anti-spam) 14. Security -- Information/System/Network 15. Authentication and Certification, PKI 16. Broadband Access (Corporate, home) 17. IT-Manpower development 18. Regional Networking Collaboration 19. Opportunities from Liberalization and Regionalization 20. e-Marketplaces 21. e-Payment infrastructure 22. Consumer Protection 23. Cross Border Certification 24. Intellectual Property rights Protection 25. Privacy Concerns of developing countries and LDC Concerns of developed countries And industrial leaders Strategy Divide between Developed and Developing Countries
National Needs Monitoring the progress of ICT Master Plan implementation
12 Strategies in the ICT Master Plan กับการ 7.E-Government 3. Reform ICT Research & Development 2.ICT for better Quality of Life 6. ICT for SMEs 1. Promotion of Thai ICT Industry 5.Develop entrepreneur ships towards export expansion 4. Raise potential infrastructure for future Competitiveness
13 Indicators to Assess Overall Success of the Master Plan (1) Index of the ICT contribution to the economy e. g. ICT Growth, Employment (2) Index of the competitiveness of the country's ICT industry such as ratio of ICT expenditures to GDP, share of Thai software industry in the world market (3) Index of role of ICT in community development e.g. value of local content, amount of local traffic in relation to total Internet access, the increase in Thai-content Web pages (4) Index of role of ICT in human resource development such as the use of e-learning, and availability of ICT tools and experts in both formal and non-formal education
14 Strategy 1 Promotion of Thai ICT Industry Number of qualified researchers, software developers, and certified professional developers Total value of government IT projects in which Thai entrepreneurs are involved Government's IT budget (for both hardware and software) Expansion of software market in the country Total value of exported software Total value of exported ICT products Ratio of domestic software development and open-source software systems to total value of software market in each year Increase in number of software developers and market capitalization Decrease in imported software Etc. (Examples – for other strategies, consult chapter 7, ICT Master Plan)
15 Has the objective to develop a comprehensive ICT indicators database that allow for an assessment of the country’s progress on many aspects of the information society. The project also aims to set up a systematic mechanism in collecting, analyzing, and disseminating a core list of ICT indicators on a continual basis. These indicators to be put on-line at MICT Operations Center and the Prime Minister Operations Center, to help in policy decision process Unified ICT Indicators Project
16 Making Indicators available A working team - partnership between NECTEC, Ministry of Science and Technology and NSO, Ministry of Information and Communication Technology since August Collaboration with others including -National Economic and Social Development Board, Ministry of Education, TOT Corporation, CAT Telecom etc.
17 Methodologies Review existing lists of ICT indicators, such as, OECD, ASEAN e-readiness, UNCTAD, ICT Master Plan, etc.. Holding consultative sessions are identified to be included in the core list 133 indicators divided into 9 categories
18 Methodologies (2) 9 categories –ICT human resources (30) –ICT Market (28) –Internet (22) –ICT use in the government (20) –Telecommunications (10) –E-Commerce (9) –ICT R&D and patents (7) –General macroeconomic indeces (6) –Broadcasting (1)
19 Methodologies (3) Of 133 indicators, 94 has clear definition, or can assume a proxy/proxies for that particular indicator, whereas 39 does not have either clear definition, available indeces, and agengies that are responsible Of 94, only 63 has data available or can reasonable assume proxy/proxies
20 Making Indicators available Staged approach: 1.Start with the existing data 2.Add data which can be derived or calculated from existing data 3.Conduct new surveys for the indicators which we have never collected before (started in 2001, full scale in 2004) 4.Further research for suitable indicators and methodology
21 Thailand ICT Indicator Series I (October 2003) 1. Telecommunications 2. Internet 3. Broadcasting 4. e-Commerce 5. ICT Market/Industry 6. ICT Human Resource 7. ICT in Government Sector 8. R&D Patents 9. Regulatory Framework presented ICT indicators in 9 areas Thailand ICT Indicator 2005 (February 2005) 1. Telecommunications 2. Internet 3. Broadcasting 4. e-Commerce 5. ICT Market/Industry 6. ICT Human Resource 7. ICT in Government Sector 8. R & D 9. Computer Usage Presented ICT indicators in 9 areas Thailand ICT Indicators ICT Uptake: Thailand in the Information Age (July 2004)
22 NSO NESDB BOT Dept. of Business Trade, Min. of Commerce Office of the Comptroller General National Research Council of Thailand Ministry of Education NECTEC TOT CAT Telecom SET ATCI ATSI ISP The Information Network Association Business Software Alliance (BSA) GovernmentPrivate Data/Information Contributions Received
23 NECTEC has cooperated with the Center of the International Cooperation for Computerization (CICC), Japan to organize The Third Asian Forum for Information Technology (October 2004) International Cooperation on ICT Indicators
24 ASEAN Core List of ICT Indicators Thailand has been active in cooperation within ASEAN under ASEAN TelMin/TelSOM to develop a core list of ICT indicators (already endorsed by TelMIN) as follows: –Infrastucture (13, 2) –Trade (5, 0) –Qualifications (5, 1) –The ICT sector (11, 4) –Business’s readiness and use of ICT (12, 2) –E-Government (12, 4) –Household’s and individual’s readiness and use of ICT (4, 5) –Use of ICTs in schools (0, 2) –Patents (0, 3) Total approx. 62 core indicators and 23 suppl. indicators
25 Challenges & Lessons Learned Data availability: scattered data in various agencies, differing frequency, differing definitions consultation and consensus needed to develop a common understanding Need to increase awareness and recognition of the importance of ICT indicators have to convince them that some can be used as their KPI measures..top-down endorsement at the policy-level may also be needed
26 Challenges & Lessons Learned Need to increase awareness and recognition of the importance of ICT indicators among general public and industry so that they are willing to cooperate in the process to develop the indicators Determining the core list is an essential step in order to capture a full coverage of ICT development within the country. Each indicator should have a clear purpose and relate to information needed for policy decision Capacity building of personnel as well as international collaboration remains the key in this endeavor.
27 Study to conceptualize and collect indicators to monitor the impact of ICT to the economy, e.g., –Contribution of value added in the ICT sector to total business sector value added –Contribution of employment in the ICT sector to total business sector employment –Contribution of production value in the ICT sector to total business sector production value –Contribution of revenue in the ICT sector to total business sector revenue –Growth of revenue in the ICT sector, –Etc. Future Plan
การ แพร่กระจา ย (Diffusion) TV & Radio ICTs Computer Mobile phone Internet ??
31 Percentage of Households with Television/Radio
32 Number of Fixed Lines per 100 Inhabitants ( )
33 Lines Year Number of Fixed Lines per 100 Inhabitants by Location ( )
ดาวน์โหลดเอกสารที่น่าสนใจเพิ่มเติมได้ที่ - Thailand ICT Indicators รายงานการสำรวจกลุ่มผู้ใช้อินเทอร์เน็ตในประเทศไทย ปี ICT Uptake 2004: Thailand in the Information Age - Thailand ICT Indicators Series I ( )
55 WSIS Plan of Action – Indicators Basic Telecommunications (4) - Teledensity - Number of ICT backbone providers - Full capacity of backbone system of data transmission - Traffic level (Gbps) at peak times that each Internet Exchange Points can support
56 Basic Access to the Internet (21) - Number of computer users by gender, age, education, income - Number of Internet users by gender, age, education, income - Number of households with a computer - Number of households with Internet access - Number of public Internet access - Number of districts with telecenter - Number of district with Websites - Number of communities that can apply ICT to their local economy - High-speed Internet access penetration - Number of PCs in rural areas - Number of local communities with Websites - Expenditure on research and development in ICT infrastructure and applications - Number of schools with computer and Internet access - Number of schools with Websites - Number of students per computer - Average number of connected computers in each school - Number of schools with ICT implementation plan - Percentage of a national education budget is allocated for ICT - Number of universities with high-speed Internet connection - Number of household having teleworking - Investment on ICT infrastructure by government and private sector WSIS Plan of Action – Indicators
57 WSIS Plan of Action – Indicators Affordable Access Devices (5) - Number of locally assembled lower-cost PCs - Ratio of locally assembled PCs usage - Expenditure on research and development in affordable ICT equipment - Presence of research on non-text based computer interfaces - Expenditure on research and development in ICT accessibility for disadvantaged groups
58 WSIS Plan of Action - Indicators Human Capacity Building (19) - Number of ICT based lessons in the curriculum relative to the overall curriculum time for the subject - Percentage of educational content covered by ICT based instructional materials - Number of ICT training courses for teachers - Number of teachers with IT access and utilizing IT as educational tools - Number of ICT related curriculums in universities - Percentage of ICT management courses - Number of schools with Websites produced by students - Number of students who demonstrate only basic ICT skills - Number of students who demonstrate advanced ICT skills - Number of hours per week for ICT-aided instruction - Number of people receiving ICT training courses from the Ministry of Labor - Number of online courses - Number of ICT related curriculum for distance learning - Number of workers who graduated from ICT distance learning programmes - Number of universities that have ICT programmes link with international educational institutions - Number of ICT training course with international cooperation - Number of volunteer programmes on ICT training - Number of ICT related Train-the-trainer programmes - Number of programmes to eradicate illiteracy by using ICTs
59 Coming Up การเสวนา "ความพร้อมของระบบการจัดทำ ตัวชี้วัดด้านเทคโนโลยี สารสนเทศและการสื่อสารของ ประเทศไทย"