63% of the world’s annual deaths are due to NCDs, approximately 25% of which are premature (below 60 years) and could be prevented Source : The Global status report on noncoommunicable diseases 2010, WHO 2011
In low- and lower middle-income countries, 29% of NCD deaths occur among people under the age of 60, compared to 13% in high-income countries. Nearly half (48%) of all NCD deaths in low- and middle-income countries are under the age of 70 years, compared with 26% in the high-income countries. Nearly 80% of the 36 million global NCD deaths were in low-and lower middle-income countries, 2008 Source : The Global status report on noncoommunicable diseases 2010, WHO 2011 Regional Office for South-East Asia, WHO
Proportion of global NCD deaths under the age of 70, by cause of death, 2008 Source : The Global status report on noncoommunicable diseases 2010, WHO 2011 Most NCDs are strongly associated and causally linked with four behaviours: tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and the harmful use of alcohol.
Four types NCDs are largely preventable through effective interventions tackling shared modifiable risk factors Source : The Global status report on noncoommunicable diseases 2010, WHO 2011 The majority of NCDs can be averted through interventions and policies that reduce major risk factors.
Prevention and control of NCDs : priorities for investment – a set of “Best Buys” - A best buy is an intervention that is not only highly cost-effective but also cheap, feasible and culturally acceptable to implement. - Good buys are other interventions that may cost more or generate less health gain but still provide good value for money.
DALY Male Female RankDisease DALY ('000) % % Disease 1 Traffic accidents Diabetes 2 Alcohol dependence/harmful use Stroke Depression 4 HIV/AIDS Ischaemic heart disease 5 Liver cancer Osteoarthritis 6 Ischaemic heart disease HIV/AIDS 7 Diabetes Traffic accidents 8 Depression Anaemia 9 Cirrhosis Liver cancer 10 COPD Dementia All causes All causes ภาระทางสุขภาพ 10 อันดับแรกของประชากรไทย จำแนกตามเพศ พ.ศ.2552 Source : Burden of disease in Thailand 2009, BOD working group