5 โอกาส : MIT’S Technology Transfer Experience Since MIT was founded in 1861 Graduates and faculty have: Started 4000 companies Employing 1,100,000 With sales of $230 billion/yr If a nation = 24 th largest country in the world Bank of Boston study –1997
6 Research $25.7 billion Discovery 11,607 disclosures 1 per $2.2 million Intellectual Assets 5339 new patent applications 1 per $4.8 million Transfer for Commercialization 3687 licenses and options 344 company starts 1999 AUTM Survey Jim Severson, NASULGC Annual Meeting, 2000
7 Terrence Feuerborn, Former Executive Director University of California System, Office of Tech Transfer 300 inventions rejected 50 inventions not licensed 34 licenses produce license issue fees 100 patent applications filed 50 inventions licensed 15 licenses produce < $1M 1 license produces > $1M 16 licenses produce income
9 Federally Funded Basic Research Creates New Ideas Applied Research & Innovation Capital to Develop Ideas No Capital The Valley of Death Early Stage Funding Gap To Innovation Charles W. Wessner, Ph.D.
10 จากหิ้งไปสู่ห้าง : กลไกที่จำเป็น และสำคัญ
11 1. Problem identification 2. Proposal Development 4. Program Management 6. Finalization 3. Screening Process 5. Program Monitoring 7. Commercialization
12 Problem identification Mechanism: tripartite-public- private-R&D institute Direction : Foresight Government policy Ministerial policy Organizational top down and bottom up In-house policy research
13 Commercialization IP and IP Policy Profit sharing User negotiation User and researcher interfacing Legal matters Financial matters
14 Bayh/Dole Law of 1980 Option to Ownership of Government Sponsored Inventions (2 Years or 90 Days before Patent Bar Date) If Option Exercised, Must Patent and Diligently Seek a Licensee Must Share a Portion of Royalty Income with Inventors Non-Exclusive Royalty-Free License to Government Government Retains March In Rights Preference to Small Business (under 500 employees) U.S. Manufacture if Exclusive License in U.S.