5 A Typical Goods Distribution System 1st Level of CompetitionManufacturer Outside the CountryManufacturer Inside the CountryWTO FTA AECWholesalerImport Agent2nd Level of CompetitionInvestment >50% ShareholderService Owner, Professionals Skilled & Unskilled LaborRetailerCustomers
6 ประเภทของ การรวมกลุ่มทางการค้า (เศรษฐกิจ) Free Trade Agreement: All barriers to trade among members are removed, but each member can retain its own trade policies with non-members AFTACustoms Union: Common external trade policy is adopted – 2558 AC (AEC ASC & ASCC)Common Market: Factors (production) allow mobility between countries – 2558 AC (AEC ASC & ASCC)Economic Union: Common currency is established, tax rates are harmonized, and a common monetary and fiscal policy is established – 2563 AEUPolitical Union: Separate nations are essentially combined to form a single nation. The establishment of one Parliament towards one political union or nation. (This is a big step psychologically and philosophically in European Union).
7 One Stop Distribution Delivery Services LogisticGoods and ServicesDeliveryDeliveryCADCAM.jpge-Orderประชาชนผู้บริโภคสมาชิกInternete-Marketplace(Worldwide)BankingAlibaba AOL