13 PBL (Problem-based Learning) to use PBL as a vehicle to develop a usable body of integrated knowledgeto develop problem-solving skills
14 PBL Tutorial Process Step 1 Identify and clarify unfamiliar terms Step 2 Define the problem (s)Step 3 BrainstormingStep 4 Setting of hypothesisStep 5 Formulate learning objectivesStep 6 Private study (SDL)Step 7 Group shares result of private study
16 What is MEQ ? MEQ = a logical sequence of short answer questions relating to an initial scenario or clinical problem(Hodgkin & Know, 1975)
17 Format of MEQ ✤ Must be answered in the sequence asked ✤ Constitute a series of questions✤ Must be answered in the sequenceasked✤ No review of previous answer
18 Critique of MEQMEQ is a useful “paper and pencil” tool designed to evaluate► Student’s abilities of problem-solving► Student’s understanding of problem-related content from the basic and clinical sciences
19 Critique of MEQ (cont.) MEQ also allows assessment of ► Various problem-solving skills► Student’s ability to* analyze* interpret* synthesizenew information related to the problem.
20 Patterns of MEQ Order of Questions Area to Assess (clinical presentation) Hypothesis,mechanism⇓(addition of presentation) Applied basic science(more data) Interpretation ofdiagnostic information(more data) Management issues(more data) Ethics issues(more data) Prognosis(more data) Disease complication
21 The uses of MEQ To assess : ♣ Clinical reasoning skills ♣ Understanding and knowledgeof clinical and basic science♣ Application of basic science toclinical problem