6 Principles of learning Learning climateInternal motivationMeaningful learningLearning objectiveIdentify resourcesPracticeReinforcement
7 The Learning Pyramid Lecture Reading Audiovisual Demonstration AverageRetention RateLectureReadingAudiovisualDemonstrationGroup discussionPractice by doingTeach others5%10%20%30%50%75%80%National Training Laboratories, Bethel, Main,USA
8 Principles of good teaching Be enthusiasticInterested in the well-being of studentsPrepare for your teachingAuthentic medical problemsHow to improve teaching and students’ learningRonald J Markert, 2001
15 In what may be called the natural method of teaching the student begins with the patient, continues with the patient, and ends his studies with the patient, using books and lectures as tools, as means to an end.Sir William Osler,1904
16 Teaching clinical skills in the hospital setting Be on timeInsist that students arrive on timePlan the clinical teaching session
17 Teaching clinical skills in the hospital setting Involve the patientsInform the charge nurseInvolve all the studentsInsist on a standard format
18 Teaching clinical skills in the hospital setting Use a problem –solving approachConduct discussion away from the patientDo not try to do too much
24 You are driving a car.On one big storm night.You are passing a station.
25 There are three people who are waiting for the bus One old lady who is dying.One doctor who saved your life before.One guy/lady who is someone you have been dreaming to get married to.
26 You can only take one passenger, which one you will choose You can only take one passenger, which one you will choose? Please explain your reason.
27 " Give the car key to the doctor, let the doctor take the old lady to the hospital and I stay to wait for the bus with the lady of my ream!"
28 Everyone I know think the above answer is the best answer, but there is no one (including myself) can think of this answer first.Is that because we never want to give up any advantage we held in our hands (the car key)? Sometimes, we would gain more if we were able to give up our stubbornness, limitations, and advantage.