Possible answers You should always eat breakfast because it is important to have energy to start the day. You should have 5 portions of fruit and vegetables a day because they will give you the necessary vitamins and minerals. You shouldn’t eat crisps and chocolate too often, because they have a lot of sugar, fat or salt. You should drink 8 glasses of water a day, because water is essential for our body to function correctly.
Audio script and answers C 2.8 A – carbohydrates H – quantity of food for one person 1 E – fat 2 B – sugar 3 C – protein 4 J – a substance which adds flavour 5 K – a substance which adds colour 6 G – facts about nutrients 7 I – unit of energy given by food 8 F – fibre 9 D – vitamins and minerals
Possible answers Which food category do crisps belong to? I think carbohydrates. Which food category do hamburgers belong to? I think protein, carbohydrates and fat. Which food categories does ice cream belong to? I think sugar and fat. Which food category do spaghetti bolognese belong to? I think carbohydrates and fat. Which category does chocolate belong to? I think sugar, fat, vitamins and minerals.
Possible answers I think apples and strawberries are healthy because they have a lot of vitamins. I think chocolate is unhealthy because it has a lot of sugar and fat. I think crisps are unhealthy because they have a lot of fat. I think vegetables are healthy because they have a lot of vitamins and minerals. I think water is healthy because it helps our body to function correctly.
Possible answers You shouldn’t eat too much ice cream because it has a lot of sugar and fat. You should drink fruit juice because it has minerals and vitamins. You should eat grilled chicken because it has protein. You should eat green salad* because it has fibre, vitamins and minerals. You should eat mashed potatoes because they have carbohydrates and minerals. You shouldn’t drink cola because it has sugar, colouring and flavouring. You shouldn’t eat chips because they have a lot of fat. *green salad (n) a salad that is made with raw green vegetables, especially lettuce ( สลัดผัก )
Possible answers A: What did you eat yesterday evening? B: I ate hamburgers and chips. A: You shouldn’t eat chips because they have a lot of fat. You should eat salad and tomatoes, for example. A: What did you drink at the weekend? B: I drank cola and coffee. C: You should drink water or fruit juice.
Audio script and answers C 2.10 I’d like to take up tennis lessons. 1 I should give up coffee. 2 Just relax, Mr Smith. 3 I want to join a photography club. 4 Leo, you shouldn’t skip breakfast. 5 I want to keep fit.
Possible answers If Ben took up a sport, he’d keep fit. If he didn’t spend a lot of time on the computer, he’d be fit. If he didn’t skip breakfast, he would be healthier. If he had a hobby, he would relax.
Possible answers If I were you, I’d eat a lot of fruit and vegetables / I wouldn’t eat so much junk food. If I were you, I wouldn’t skip breakfast / I’d have cereal and fruit for breakfast. If I were you, I’d take up a hobby and relax.
Possible answers I’ve forgotten my best friend’s birthday. If I were you, I’d call him this afternoon. If I were you, I’d write him a card now. If I were you, I’d buy him a present now. I want to take up a new hobby. If I were you, I’d ask your friends what their hobby is. If I were you, I’d start collecting football stickers. If I were you, I’d do painting. I’ve got a lot of homework. If I were you, I’d ask a friend for help. If I were you, I wouldn’t go to school tomorrow. If I were you, I’d work until 10 tonight.
Answers 1 He should get up earlier. 2 She shouldn’t bring it to school. 3 She should write in pencil. 4 He shouldn’t come to the stadium. 5 She should talk to her friends. 6 She should do her homework with her friends.
Answers 1 You should go to bed earlier in the evening. 2 He should call the doctor. 3 You should get a taxi. 4 He should go to the music shop. 5 You should ask your parents, friends and teachers for suggestions. 6 He should drink more water.
Audio script and answers C 2.12 G – If I were you, I wouldn’t say that to him. 1 D – If I weren’t tired, I’d take the stairs. 2 C – If Betty came, I’d be very happy. She’s so nice. 3 A – If they invited us, we’d go to their party. 4 F – If I won the lottery, I’d buy Dad a new car. 5 B – If Jamie and Liza were here, they’d know what to do. 6 E – If we had a larger house, we’d keep a lot of pets.
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1Where and when was Justin born? 2How did he learn about cooking? 3When did he first appear on national TV? 4When did he publish his first book? 5What special groups has he worked with? 6What language is he studying? 7Does he spend all his time in cooking and writing books? กิจกรรมเพิ่มเติม (Pittsburgh, 1990) (He helped his mum and grandma in the kitchen and he watched a lot of cooking programmes on TV) (At the age of seven) (At the age of five) (He’s worked with a hotel group to decide their kids menu and with some charities to help underprivileged kids) (Italian) (No, he also goes to school and has all the normal teenage interests)
cabbage roll (n) (also stuffed cabbage) is a dish consisting of cooked cabbage leaves wrapped around a variety of fillings ( กะหล่ำยัดไส้ ) debut (v) when someone performs or presents something to the public for the first time ( เปิดตัว, แสดงตัว ) testimonial (n) Written recommendation from a celebrity or satisfied customer affirming the performance, quality, and/or value of a product or service. Testimonials are one of the most potent tools of marketing. ( การแสดงความคิดเห็นหรือการ เขียนรับรองจากบุคคลที่มีชื่อเสียงหรือลูกค้าที่ซื้อของไปแล้ว ) underprivileged (adj) having less money and fewer opportunities than most people in society ( ด้อยโอกาส ) myspace (n)a social networking website ( เว็บไซต์ที่เป็นเครือข่ายสังคม ออนไลน์รูปแบบหนึ่ง ) Vocabulary
tablespoon (n) the amount a tablespoon can hold ( ปริมาณ 1 ช้อนโต๊ะ ) teaspoon (n) the amount of food or liquid that a teaspoon holds ( ปริมาณ 1 ช้อนชา ) jar (n) a glass container with a lid and a wide top, especially one in which food is sold or kept ( โหล, ขวดโหล ) tub (n) a small container with a lid for holding or storing food ( ภาชนะเล็กๆ สำหรับเก็บอาหารที่มีฝาปิด, กระปุก ) case (n) a container for keeping something ( ภาชนะสำหรับ ใส่บางสิ่งบางอย่าง ) blender (n) an electric machine for mixing soft food or liquid ( เครื่องปั่น ) tin (n) a metal container with a lid used for keeping food in ( ภาชนะที่ทำจากดีบุก ) Vocabulary
Audio script and answers C 2.13 The most poisonous mushroom is the Death Angel or Death Cap. Even a small amount is fatal, but it can take more than 24 hours for any symptoms to appear. In some food and drink, the (1) red colouring comes from the crushed bodies and eggs of female ladybirds (cochineal). It takes about 155,000 insects to make 1 kilo of colouring. Many sweets contain gelatine and that’s why they’re so nice and chewy. But did you know that gelatine is made from animal or fish (2) bones? It would be better if Popeye ate clams and oysters instead of spinach. Why? Because they contain a much larger percentage of (3) iron. The hottest chilli in the world is the (4) Indian Naga Jolokia. It measures 1,040,000 SHU (Scoville Heat Units). An average chilli measures about (5) 200,000 SHU. The largest pizza in the world was made in 1990 in South Africa, with 500 kg of flour, 800 kg of (6) cheese and 900 kg of (7) tomatoes. It was 37.4 metres in diameter.
crushed (adj) to be pressed very hard so that it is broken or its shape is destroyed ( บด ) gelatin (n) a clear substance that has no taste, used in cooking to make liquids become thick and firm ( เจลาติน เป็นสารให้ความหนืดชนิดหนึ่ง ) clam (n) a shellfish that can be eaten. It has a shell in two parts that can open and close ( หอยชนิดหนึ่งที่กินได้ เช่น หอยลาย ) Scoville Heat Units (n) a system devised in 1912 by Wilber Lincoln Scoville for determining the relative ‘spiciness’ of hot peppers ( หน่วยวัดความเผ็ด ใช้วัดระดับความ เผ็ดในพริก ตัวย่อคือ SHU) Vocabulary
poisonous (adj) causing death or illness if swallowed or absorbed into the body ( ที่มีพิษ ) fatal (adj) causing or ending in death ( ซึ่งทำให้ถึงตาย ) symptom (n) a sign that something exists, especially something bad ( อาการ ) chewy (adj) needing to be chewed a lot before it can be swallowed ( ที่ต้องเคี้ยว, หนุบหนับ ) measure (v) to find the size, quantity, etc. of something in standard units ( วัด, หาค่า ) spinach (n) a vegetable with large dark green leaves that are cooked or eaten in salads ( ผักโขม ซึ่งตัวการ์ตูน ป๊อปอายชอบกินเพื่อเพิ่มพลังให้กับตนเอง ) diameter (n) a straight line going from one side of a circle or any other round object to the other side, passing through the centre ( เส้นผ่าศูนย์กลาง )