งานนำเสนอเรื่อง: "Smart Thailand 2020: Transforming e-Government to i-Government"— ใบสำเนางานนำเสนอ:
1Smart Thailand 2020: Transforming e-Government to i-Government Methini Thepmani e-Government Promotion and Development Bureau Ministry of Information and Communication Technology 28 January 2011
2Smart Thailand : ICT Master Plan2 ICT Human Resources and ICT Competent Workforce50% of population have knowledge and capacity to access, create and use information-literacyICT InfrastructureRaise ICT Readiness Ranking of country at TOP 25 in NRI by 2013ICT IndustryEnhance the role and important of ICT Industry in the economy, by increasing share of GDP to < 15 % by 2013The Second ICT Master Plan was developed under the framework set by ICT policy for (IT 2010) which was approved by the Cabinet on 19 March The policy framework of IT 2010 set the following targets:1) Build capacity in using technology as a tool for national development in order to leverage Thailand’s status as a “potential leader” country, as measured against the United Nations Development Programme “Technology Achievement Index”.2) Increase the percentage of knowledge workers to account for 30 percent of the labor force.3) Develop the Thai economy by increasing the value of knowledge-based industries to account for 50 percent of GDP.
3Environmental Friendly ICT Human Resources and ICT Competent Workforce ICT Policy Framework 20202020Stronger EconomySocial EqualityEnvironmental FriendlySmart AgricultureSmartServicesSmart Environment(ICT for Green & Green IT)Smart HealthLearningSmart GovernmentICT Human Resources and ICT Competent WorkforceICT InfrastructureICT IndustryIn order to achieve these targets, the IT 2010 policy framework has established five strategies for the concurrent development of the country and a knowledge-based society, namely: e-Industry, e-Commerce, e-Government, e-Education and e-Society. The underlying connections and common factors of the five strategies are innovation, knowledge, research and development, science and technology, and the development of human resources and basic telecommunication infrastructure. If these five strategies are followed and the underlying factors are also strengthened, then the resulting development will be sustainable. These five strategies lead to smart Thailand 2020 vision by stronger economy, social equality and environmental friendly in several services such as government, healthcare, education, agriculture.
4to knowledge and wisdom VISION Smart Thailand 2020ICT is an important driving force for …Thai peopleto knowledge and wisdomThai economyto sustainable growthThai societyto equalityThe key success factor to reach “Smart Thailand 2020” is transforming e-Gov (5e) to i-Gov (intelligence, Integration and Inclusion. As I mentioned, IT2010 policy framework has established five strategies for the concurrent development of the country and a knowledge-based society, namely: e-Industry, e-Commerce, e-Government, e-Education and e-Society. The stage, Thai government realizes that ICT is an important driving force for 3 dimensionsThai People to knowledge and wisdom.Thai Economy to sustainable growthThai Society to equality both disadvantage and general public.
5e-Gov to i-Gov Key Enabler to i-Gov Broadband Policy Smart Thailand 20205 e-Gov e-Industry, e-Commerce, e-Government, e-Education, e-SocietyStronger Economy, Social Equality, Environmental FriendlyTransforming to i-Gov (Intelligence, Integration, Inclusion)Key enabler to i-Gov is the broadband policy adoption. The concept of smart government are 3IIntelligence – a government that intelligently addresses citizens’ needs and delivers quality services that delight them.Integration of services of central, state and local government … (please see slide 8)Inclusion - Citizen can access broadband services equally both disadvantage and general public.Since the cabinet approved Broadband Policy on 9 November 2010, the next step government process of development of the Broadband Implementation Plan.Broadband Policy
6e-Gov to i-Gov Smart Government IntelligenceIntegrationIntegration of services of central, state and local governmentIntegration of goals of governanceIntegration of various agencies of governmentIntegration of public and private sector servicesIntegration of services of different departmentsInclusionBroadband connection is more than just a channel to transfer bytes and bites of data. It is a channel that shortens the distance between cities and villages, between the have and the have-not. It is a tool to deliver necessary information needed to create social and economic values. We see broadband connection as extremely crucial towards the development of Thailand’s knowledge economy. The Royal Thai Government has incorporated broadband development under “The Second Thailand Information and Communication Technology Master Plan” (ICT Master Plan 2) for the period of , determined to expand the reach, to improve the quality of our network and to encourage market competition. For instant, ICT Master Plan 2 has set among its goals for at least 50% of the population to have “the knowledge and capacity to access create and use information in an information literate way to benefit education, work and everyday life”. To realize this goal, Thailand needs to have an information infrastructure that is widely available, and of high penetration and quality. In short, one of our top priorities is to expand and to improve broadband infrastructure.
9National Broadband Policy Supply SideDemand SideCitizen can access broadband services equallyPrivate sector share infrastructure efficientlyGovernment provides USO.e-Government Servicese-Healthcare Servicese-Education Servicese-Agriculture Servicese-ServicesAccording to the development of broadband infrastructure, the Ministry of Information and Communication Technology (MICT) aims to improve and to manage ICT infrastructure in order to provide universal access to broadband for citizens and businesses around the country, including the disadvantaged and people with disabilities. In this connection, MICT recognizes the vital role of national policy and regulatory framework to stimulate business investment in telecommunication and ICT infrastructure. We, therefore, encourage both of our private and public providers to continuously invest into alternative technologies to build connectivity and last-mile network with a goal to expand services into rural areas for providing e-Government services to all citizens. Then again, e-commerce business requires a good core broadband infrastructure in the capital city and large cities which the high speed internet helps business to sale more and more products.
10Supply Side: ผลักดันให้ประเทศไทยไปสู่โครงสร้างอุตสาหกรรมที่ เปิดกว้าง เพื่อส่งเสริมให้มีการใช้โครงสร้างพื้นฐานร่วมกันมากขึ้นVertically integrated modelDark fiber model(ie. UK, USA)BitstreamModel(ie. Australia)Multilayer open access model(ie. Singapore)Access, Services& ContentFor SmallPlayers3For BigPlayersNetwork(Backbone & Access)2Physical Infrastructure(Dark Fiber & Towers)1Legend Arrow: One or Multiple Players Per Layer1010
11ข้อมูลโครงข่ายประเทศไทย ภาครัฐหลีกเลี่ยงการลงทุนแข่งกับภาคเอกชนCAA-BackhaulCore to City (CC)Current Supply: เกินความต้องการ ตัวอย่างเช่น >200%?B-AccessCity to Town? or Tower (CT)Current Supply: เกือบเพียงพอ ตัวอย่างเช่น 85%?C-Last MileTown to Home (TH) 5-8 กิโลเมตรสุดท้ายSupply: ไม่เพียงพอต่อความต้องการใช้งาน ตัวอย่างเช่น 5%?BABCภาครัฐเน้นการลงทุนในส่วนนี้เพื่อให้เป็นลักษณะบริการสาธารณูปโภค
17Demand Side: Four Simple Policy & Action Plans e-GovernmentConnecting all 76 provinces and all 10,000+ local communities ( yr?)e-HealthcareConnecting 15,000 hospitals and healthcare centers ( yr?)e-EducationConnecting 30,000 schools and local community education centers ( yr?)e-AgricultureConnecting 70% Thai citizen who are the poor farmers ( yr?)With globalization, the society is constantly changing resulting by information technology and Internet access to play an important role in communication, social, political, economic or even environmental as mention above. Because of the rapid-technological advancement, it causes that many countries shift their focus on developing infrastructure to enhance the technology. The data transmission not only text messages but also pictures such as VDO conference is important to make use of information technology is faster and more efficient. The perception is very convenient and fast. These require a good core broadband infrastructure.Each Ministry with different visions & development stagesBut common needs in basic connectivity and key solutions